The temple of athena nike is the smallest structure on the athenian acropolis but holds no less importance than its neighboring shrines built to honor athena nike the goddess of victory the site upon which the temple was constructed has ceremonial roots that date back to the bronze age when the newer classical temple was built in the fifth century b c it no doubt did double duty. The magnificent temple on the acropolis of athens known as the parthenon was built between 447 and 432 bce in the golden age of pericles and it was dedicated to the city s patron deity athena.
The temple of athena nike greek.
Atena nike estátua. ναός αθηνάς νίκης naós athinás níkis is a temple on the acropolis of athens dedicated to the goddesses athena and nike built around 420 bc the temple is the earliest fully ionic temple on the acropolis. The temple was constructed to house the new gold and ivory cult statue of the goddess by the master sculptor phidias also pheidias and to proclaim to the world the success of athens as leader of the coalition of greek forces in the persian wars. Nike was a very close acquaintance of athena and is thought to have stood in athena s outstretched hand in the statue of athena located in the parthenon.
Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on greek coins. It has a prominent position on a steep bastion at the south west corner of the acropolis to the right of the entrance the propylaea. The small perfectly formed temple of athena nike to the right of the propylaea the entrance to the acropolis of athens is the earliest ionic temple on the acropolis.
It was designed by kallikrates one of the architects of the parthenon during the rule reign of pericles about 420 b c.